The archives of the NAi (Netherlands Architecture Institute)
are full of architecture dreams in cardboard. Paper was the building
material for buildings in scale. That paper as fragile, flammable
and cheap material is also suitable for making real buildings seemed
unthinkable, until recently.
Inspired by ecological motives a lot of experimenting
in building of temporary and light constructions is going on. In wood,
steel, plastic and more recently also in paper. A system was developed
by ABT that can be used as a temporary theatre and the air treatment
channels in project XX are from paper.
That the experiments aren’t limited to a small scale became clear at the 1992 world exhibition in Seville. A tower built from prefabricated paper elements marked the entrance of the area. The landmark had a diameter of 13m and a height of 33m. The biggest challenge was to make up for the large pressing- and pulling powers in the lower construction of the tower. Enough stability was obtained by aiming the sidewalls of the three-dimensional prism shaped elements to the axis of the tower. The tower was entirely biodegradable so it was recycled after the exhibition.
Still a step further is the proposal for the world exhibition in Hanover designed by the Japanese architect Shigeru Ban that has applied himself to building in cardboard. His emergency homes for Kobe are now world famous. These emergency homes for the earthquake victims in Kobe are from paper tubes. The 'Paper Log' constructions have a roof from canvas which diffusely lights the interior. The foundation consists of sand filled crates.
Shigeru Ban's proposal for the Hanover Messe consists
entirely of paper. The building takes up a surface area of 3600m2.
The more-stories high building of 89m long and 42m wide will come
on a basement. The span of the carrying construction amounts to 35
metres and consists of bent beams of 12,5 centimetres thick pressed
paper. The roof is a membrane of textile and paper synthetics.
|books||Editorial Gustavo Gili S.A.: Shigeru Ban - GG portfolio, Barcelona, 1997|
|photos by Hiroyuki Hirai and Takanobu Sakuma|